A descriptive text is a text which describes a particular person, place, or thing.

Here the structure of a descriptive text:


  1. Identification    :  identifies phenomenon to be described.
  2.  Description     : describes parts, qualities, characteristics of the person or         something that is described

The Language Features of Descriptive Text

  • —  Certain nouns, e.g. teacher, house,my rabbit, etc.
  • —  Simple present tense.
  • —  Detailed noun phrase for adding information about the subject, e.g. She is a sweet young lady.
  • —  Descriptive adjectives, e.g. two strong legs, two white fangs, etc.
  • —  Relating verbs for giving information about the subject, e.g. My mum is really cool, It has very thick fur, etc.
  • —  Thinking verbs and feeling verbs for expressing the writer’s personal opinion about the subject, e.g. Police believe the suspect is armed, I think it is a clever animal, etc.
  • action verbs, e.g.Our new puppy bites our shoes, etc.
  • —  Adverbials, for example, fast, at the tree house, etc.
  • —  Figurative language, such as simile, metafore, e.g.John is white as chalk, sat tight,  etc.



When we describe someone, we can tell about his/or her physical characteristics, personality, hobbies, family, etc.

What do you usually say about someone’s physical characteristics?

Let’s study the adjective which usually used to describe physical characteristics.








      Read this text and then discuss with your friends the questions that follow.
One day Sandra Dewi fell sick in the middle of the English lesson. All the students
did reading tasks. Suddenly Sandra Dewi vomited. All other students stopped writing.
Mrs. Lidia helped her immediately. The chairman of the class sent for the school’s doctor.
In five minutes the doctor came. He examined her carefully. He examined her eyes.
He felt her stomach. He listened to her heart beat. He measured her blood pressure.Unit Tell me your experThen he took her temperature“I’m afraid she suffers from malaria. Her  temperature is very
high. That is why she vomited.
She has a very bad cough, too.
I’ll give her some pills for her
malaria, some tablets for her
fever, and syrup for her cough.
She needs a week’s rest”, said
the doctor.
Pic. 2.15(Dit. PSMP, 2006)
1. What is the text telling you about?
2.What did the students do? What happened?
3.What was the name of the teacher?
4. What did the doctor do?
5.What was Sandra Dewi suffering from?
6. What did the doctor recommend?
7. Identify the text structure by listing the happenings according to
these categories of: orientation, events, and re-orientation



Activity 1
Read Maya’s biography. Then, answer the questions that follow.
Maya Gazali
Maya Gazali was born in Palu. She grew up in a small village. She began school
when she was six years old. She went to elementary school, but she didn’t go to high
school. Her family was very poor, and she had to go to work when she was thirteen
years old. She worked on an assembly line in a shoe factory. Continue reading

procedure texts

Goal      : To find things that dissolves in water

Materials  :

Essence , jellys crystals , sand , sugar , salt , water ,cups ,drink bottles.

Methods :

1 .Put some of each material in a cup .

2 . Add the materil to a cup of water .

3 . Watch carefully what happens

Choose the correct answer

1 What is the purpose of thetext ?

a . To inform how to collect materials.

b . To tell people how to add material in the cup .

c . To tell how to find things that dissolves in water.

d .To tell people how to dissolves things in water.

2 . These are the materials we need , except…

a . Essence , jellys crystal,, sand and syrup.

b .Jellys crystal , sand ,sugar , and water.

c . Essence , sand , water , salt and jellycrystal.

d . Water ,salt . sugar and essence.

3 . What should we do after put  the things in the cup ?

a . Mix all the things in it .

b . put the material in the bottle

c Add  the material to a cup of water.

d Watch what happenn for the next.





Equinox and Solstice

Equinox and Solstice

In late March and late September both hemispheres are the same distance from the Sun and the Sun is said to be at an equinox. The Northern Hemisphere’s vernal equinox usually occurs on March 20 or 21 and marks the beginning of spring. The Northern Hemisphere’s autumnal equinox usually occurs on September 22 or 23 and marks the beginning of autumn. In the Southern Hemisphere, Continue reading